Use of Digital Twin Technology in the Teaching-Learning Process, in the field of University Education: A Bibliometric Review


  • Omar Chamorro-Atalaya
  • Carlos Hernán Flores-Velásquez
  • Richard Flores-Cáceres
  • José Antonio Arévalo-Tuesta
  • Milton Zevallos-Castañeda
  • Gregório Tomás-Quispe
  • Carmen Cristina Aranda-Dextre
  • Yreneo Cruz-Telada
  • Juan Caller-Luna
  • Ronald Alarcón-Anco


digital twin; teaching-learning process; university; bibliometric review


At the convergence of artificial intelligence with pedagogy, digital twin technology is emerging as a tool that offers advanced simulations and interactive learning environments. This is because digital twins make it possible to replicate virtually any piece of equipment or test items in a laboratory. Based on the above, the objective of this article is to explore thematic gaps regarding the use of digital twin technology in the teaching-learning process. For this reason, a bibliometric review study is developed taking as data publications indexed in Scopus, during the years 2018 to 2023. Through the search equation, 92 publications were extracted. The study was developed under a quantitative approach at an exploratory-descriptive level. The results demonstrated that there is a growing and sustained scientific production on the topic under study, showing that, during and after the COVID-19 pandemic, there was greater production compared to other years. Furthermore, although it was identified that this technology is applicable to different specialties of higher education, it was determined that, to a greater extent, the topics discussed are engineering education assisted by digital twins, virtual reality and digital twins for engineering training and simulation-based training through digital twins. However, it is concluded that there is an unaddressed gap regarding the rules and regulations that should govern the use of digital twins in higher education as well as what the teacher's competencies should be so as to guarantee the appropriate use of digital twins as part of their teaching methodology, since the impact on student learning depends on this.


Anand, S., Ghalsasi, O., Zhang, B., Joshi, S., & Morris, G. (2021). Additive Manufacturing Simulation Tools in Education. 2018 World Engineering Education Forum - Global Engineering Deans Council, WEEF-GEDC, 12-16 November 2018.

Añez, R. J. (2023). Modeling and virtual commissioning of the digital twin of a Flowpack machine with the Melsoft Gemini tool. Ms. Thesis, Control Engineering, Automation and Robotics, Universidad de País Vasco, Bilbao, Spain.

Area, M., & Adell, J. (2021). Digital technologies and educational change. A critical approach. REICE, Ibero-American Journal on Quality, Efficiency and Change in Education, 19(4), 83-96.

Arias, F. J. T., Zuñiga, K. M., Zambrano, M. M. T., & Cruzatty, J. E. Á. (2022). Digital twins in the industry. PentaCiencias Multidisciplinary Refereed Scientific Journal, 4(1), 75-83.

Autiosalo, J. (2018). Platform for industrial internet and digital twin focused education, research, and innovation: Ilmatar the overhead crane. IEEE World Forum on Internet of Things, WF-IoT 2018 - Proceedings, 2018-January, 241–244.

Cabrera, N. S. D., Fernández, N. A., & Portillo, M. B. (2023). Use of digital tools in times of COVID-19, in the Polytechnic Faculty of the UNA. Paraguayan Journal of Distance Education, 4(1), 60-72.

Camacho, J. P. C., & Loayza, L. M. H. (2023). Development of a digital twin of the handling and sorting stations of the Festo MPS 500 modular production system. Thesis, Electronic Engineering Career, Salesian Polytechnic University, Cuenca, Ecuador.

Campo-Ternera, L., Amar-Sepúlveda, P., Olivero Vega, O. E., & Herazo, H. S. (2018). Entrepreneurship and innovation as a driver of sustainable development: Bibliometric study (2006-2016). Social Sciences Journal, 24(4), 26-37.

Carbonell, M. R., Fontanillas, T. R., Catasús, M. G., & Quemada, P. B. (2023). Digital transformation in higher education: The case of the UOC. RIED-Ibero-American Journal of Distance Education, 26(1), 163-179.

Carvajal, C. A. R., & Arenas, N. A. G. (2022). Approach to digital transformation in higher education institutions through the theory of change. En Contexto Journal, 10(17), 229-263.

Clarke, H. A. (2023). Urban digital twins. Thesis. Higher Technical School of Architecture and Building, Polytechnic University of Cartagena, Cartagena, Colombia.

Chamorro-Atalaya, O., Olivares-Zegarra, S., Sobrino-Chunga, L., Guerrero-Carranza, R., Vargas-Diaz, A., Huarcaya-Godoy, M., Rasilla-Rovegno, J., Suarez-Bazalar, R., Poma-Garcia, J., & Cruz-Telada, Y. (2023). Application of the Chatbot in University Education: A Bibliometric Analysis of Indexed Scientific Production in SCOPUS, 2013-2023. International Journal of Learning, Teaching and Educational Research, 22(7), 281-304.

Chen, Q., Wang, Z., Su, Y., Fu, L., & Wei, Y. (2022). Educational 5G Edge Computing: Framework and Experimental Study. Electronics (Switzerland), 11(17), 1-22.ónica11172727

Chiquito, V. M, Plua, G. J. C., Chong, B. M; Chong, B. C. (2020). Digital twins and their evolution in the industry. Scientific Journal World of Research and Knowledge, 4(4), 300-308.

Corredor, S. D. F. (2022). Industry 4.0 and digital twins in construction. Thesis. Faculty of engineering, Militar University of New Granada, Bogotá, Colombia.

Cortes, D., Ramirez, J., Villagomez, L., Batres, R., Vasquez-Lopez, V., & Molina, A. (2020). Digital Pyramid: an approach to relate industrial automation and digital twin concepts. Proceedings - 2020 IEEE International Conference on Engineering, Technology and Innovation, ICE/ITMC 2020, 15-17 June 2020.

Cruz, K. A. (2020). Digital Twin in Solar Parks: approach using time series and deep learning. Ms. Thesis. Universitat Jaume I.

David, J., Lobov, A., & Lanz, M. (2018). Learning experiences involving digital twins. Proceedings: IECON 2018 - 44th Annual Conference of the IEEE Industrial Electronics Society, 3681–3686.

Dashkina, A. I., Khalyapina, L. P., Kobicheva, A. M., Odinolaya, M. A., & Tarkhov, D. A. (2020). Developing a Model of Increasing the Learners’ Bilingual Professional Capacity in the Virtual Laboratory Environment. Applied Sciences (Switzerland), 10(20), 1–20.

De Giusti, A. E. (2023). Digital Transformation in Higher Education. Possibilities and Challenges. Ibero-American Journal of Technology in Education and Technology Education, 35(1), 9-15.

Franco, R. G. (2022). Digital Twins and Virtual Worlds: Driving Workplace Transformation. Thesis, Tecno Campus, Universitat Pompeu FaBra, Barcelona, Spain.

Garcia, D. S. E. (2023). Digital twin in AR of the Automation Plant of the Santo Tomás University. Thesis, Mechatronics Engineering, Universidad Santo Tomás, Bucaramanga, Colombia.

González, C. M. T. (2023). Digital twins applied to biomedicine. Canarian Pediatric Journal, 47(2), 128-134.

Grau, F. G., Bautista, C. V., & Cantabrana, J. L. L. (2022). Strategies for the Digital Transformation of an Educational Center: a systematic review. RiiTE Interuniversity research magazine in Educational Technology, 13(1), 157-172.

Grisales, G. A. D. J. (2022). Prospects for appropriation of digital twins in learning factories for decision-making. EDUTEC 2022, Palma XXV International Congress, 73-77.

Guc, F., Viola, J., & Chen, Y. (2021). Digital Twins Enabled Remote Laboratory Learning Experience for Mechatronics Education. Proceedings 2021 IEEE 1st International Conference on Digital Twins and Parallel Intelligence, DTPI 2021, 242–245.

Kalantari, S., Pourjabar, S., Xu, T.B., & Kan, J. (2022). Developing and user testing a Digital Twins prototyping tool for architectural design. Automation in Construction Journal, 135(1), 1-14.

Kuts, V., Otto, T., Bondarenko, Y., & Yu, F. (2020). Digital twin: Collaborative virtual reality environment for multi-purpose industrial applications. ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, Proceedings (IMECE), November 16–19, 2020, 2B-2020, 1-7.

Larrota, J. P. B., & Rodríguez, D. E. L. (2022). Development of a digital twin using reality augmented with cloud management for the bank of fluid transportation tests and cuttings drilling of the Colombian petroleum institute. Thesis, Faculty of Engineering, Autonomous university of Bucaramanga, Bucaramanga, Colombia.

Lei, Z., Zhou, H., Hu, W., Guan, S., & Feng, X. (2022). Toward a Web-Based Digital Twin Thermal Power Plant. IEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics, 18(3), 1716-1725.

Lin, J. (2022). Development of digital twins of simple linear elastic structures. Thesis, Barcelona School of Engineering, Universidad Politécnica de Catalunya, Barcelona, Spain.

López-Gracia, A., González-Ramírez, T., & Pablos-Pons, J. D. (2022). Key factors in the educational digital transformation of educational organizations. Profesorado Scientific Journal, 26(2), 75-101.

Machado, T. M., & Berssaneti, F. T. (2023). Literature review of digital twin in healthcare. Heliyon, 9(1), 1-12.

Maldonado, N. E. L., López, S. R. R., Rodríguez, I. S. R., & García, M. A. C. (2021). Digital Tools in COVID-19 Times: Perception of Higher Education Teachers in Mexico. Ibero-American Journal for Educational Research and Development, 12(23), 1-28.

Martinez, E. M., Ponce, P., Macias, I., & Molina, A. (2021). Automation Pyramid as Constructor for a Complete Digital Twin, Case Study: A Didactic Manufacturing System. Sensors, 21(14), 1-29.

Noriega, M. D. L., & Avila, A. C. (2022). The COVID-19 Pandemic Impact on Mexican Middle Higher Education Students. Ibero-American Journal for Educational Research and Development, 12(24), 1-27.

Niño, D. L. F. J. (2021). Development of the digital twin of a steam ejector using machine learning techniques. Thesis, School of Industrial Engineering, University of Valladolid, Valladolid, Spain.

Olmo, M. M., & Alba, B. G. (2023). Training in digital competence for primary and early childhood education teachers in Spain: A bibliometric review of the literature. Publications, 53(1), 137–162.

Quinteros, A. J. E., Parra, C. N. J., Paspuel, G. E. A., Orbe, V. M. A., & Chuquitarco, Y. S. A. Creation of digital twins of heritage assets, through the use of digital geotechnologies and their dissemination in disruptive VR virtual environments. Thesis, Geospatial engineering career, Universidad de las Fuerzas Armadas, Ecuador.

Torres, R. B. (2022). FMS200 flexible manufacturing cell station 3 digital twin. Thesis, School of electronic engineering, Jaen University, Jaen, Spain.

Trujillo V. G., Rodríguez A. L., Mejía A. D., & López P. R. (2022). Digital transformation in Latin America: a systematic review. Venezuelan Management Journal, 27(100), 1519-1536.

Zaballos, A., Briones, A., Massa, A., Centelles, P., & Caballero, V. (2020). A Smart Campus’ Digital Twin for Sustainable Comfort Monitoring. Sustainability, 12(1), 1-33.




Most read articles by the same author(s)