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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, or RTF document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.

Author Guidelines

Authors should make their submissions via the online submission system so that their papers can be sent for review.

Note that we are currently migrating to a new version of OJS and as a result, potential authors will need to contact us on to complete their submission.

All authors should include their ORCID in the paper.

Papers must contain at least 5500 words, including the references.

All references must strictly follow the APA style (7th edition). DOIs must be included where available. If DOI is not available, insert another url where the material was taken from.

The abstract must as far as possible be in a single paragraph and must be between 150-250 words.

The conclusion must as far as possible be in a single paragraph and must be between 175-300 words.

Authors may use either American English or British English in their paper but not a combination of both. Authors should state clearly, while submitting their paper, which type of English they have used in their paper. In case they have forgotten to do that while submitting the paper via the online system, they are requested to send an email to to inform us of the type of English they have used.

Guidelines for APA referencing (7th edition) can be found at:

The template can be downloaded by clicking on the ##PAPER TEMPLATE## link in the menu. You may also email to receive a copy via email.

We take references very seriously. Authors should ensure that all references are complete and written strictly as per APA 7th Edition. If the doi of an article is not available, provide the url of the webpage from where the material was taken.

If your paper has a survey, as far as possible add the survey questions at the end of the paper (in the same document) in an appendix after the references. Avoid submitting supplementary files as far as possible. In case you are submitting a supplementary, please send us an email to explain the contents of each supplementary files. Submit all supplementary documents in MS Word format as far as possible, unless it is not possible.

Authors should also ensure that their papers are written in good English. If the paper is not written in good English, the paper can be rejected straight away. Authors whose native language is not English or who do not have a good command of the English language are required to use an editing service to improve their paper before submission.

The author submitting the paper must ensure that the names and affiliations of all the other authors are properly added to the system. The paper will be returned for amendments if this is not done. This will delay the process considerably.

Papers which are not submitted according to the submission guidelines will be rejected.


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